o compare the fixed rate mortgage to the variable rate mortgage, we need to calculate the following for both scenarios over the 3-year term:

- Monthly payments
- Total interest paid
- Ending mortgage balance

### Fixed Rate Mortgage

**Details:**

- Principal: $485,000
- Term: 3 years
- Interest rate: 4.89%
- Amortization period: 20 years

**Monthly Payment Calculation:** $M = P \frac{r(1+r)^n}{(1+r)^n-1}$M=P(1+r)n−1r(1+r)n where:

- $P = 485,000$P=485,000 (principal)
- $r = \frac{4.89}{100 \times 12} = 0.004075$r=100×124.89=0.004075 (monthly interest rate)
- $n = 20 \times 12 = 240$n=20×12=240 (total number of payments)

$M = 485,000 \frac{0.004075(1+0.004075)^{240}}{(1+0.004075)^{240}-1}$M=485,000(1+0.004075)240−10.004075(1+0.004075)240

Using a financial calculator or spreadsheet: $M \approx \$3,158.67$M≈$3,158.67

**Total Interest Paid Over 3 Years:**

- Total payments: $3,158.67 \times 36 = 113,712.12$3,158.67×36=113,712.12
- Principal paid off in 3 years (using an amortization schedule): approximately $38,610.87
- Total interest paid: $113,712.12 - 38,610.87 = \$75,101.25$113,712.12−38,610.87=$75,101.25

**Ending Balance:**

- Initial balance: $485,000
- Principal paid off: $38,610.87
- Ending balance: $485,000 - 38,610.87 = \$446,389.13$485,000−38,610.87=$446,389.13

### Variable Rate Mortgage

**Details:**

- Principal: $485,000
- Initial interest rate: 6.05%
- Amortization period: 20 years
- Expected rate drops:
- August 2024: -0.25% (5.80%)
- January 2025: -0.25% (5.55%)
- March 2025: -0.25% (5.30%)
- August 2025: -0.25% (5.05%)
- November 2025: -0.25% (4.80%)

We need to calculate the monthly payment and remaining balance for each period separately:

**Initial Monthly Payment (at 6.05%):** $r = \frac{6.05}{100 \times 12} = 0.005042$r=100×126.05=0.005042

Using the same formula: $M \approx \$3,476.47$M≈$3,476.47

We'll calculate payments and principal remaining for each period separately due to rate changes.

**Period 1 (6.05%):**

- Duration: 6 months
- Monthly payment: $3,476.47
- Principal remaining after 6 months: approximately $480,272.87

**Period 2 (5.80%):**

- Duration: 5 months
- Monthly payment for 5.80% recalculated with new principal: approximately $3,437.91
- Principal remaining after 5 months: approximately $476,206.54

**Period 3 (5.55%):**

- Duration: 2 months
- Monthly payment for 5.55% recalculated with new principal: approximately $3,399.75
- Principal remaining after 2 months: approximately $474,322.83

**Period 4 (5.30%):**

- Duration: 5 months
- Monthly payment for 5.30% recalculated with new principal: approximately $3,361.99
- Principal remaining after 5 months: approximately $469,749.40

**Period 5 (5.05%):**

- Duration: 5 months
- Monthly payment for 5.05% recalculated with new principal: approximately $3,324.60
- Principal remaining after 5 months: approximately $465,402.35

**Period 6 (4.80%):**

- Duration: 5 months
- Monthly payment for 4.80% recalculated with new principal: approximately $3,287.57
- Principal remaining after 5 months: approximately $461,275.27

**Total Interest Paid Over 3 Years:**

- Sum of all interest paid over each period

**Variable Rate Interest and Payments (Simplified Calculation):**

- For more precise calculations, you would sum the interest and remaining principal monthly, but for a rough estimate:
- Assuming average rate drops, let's take an approximate average rate of 5.42% over the period.

Using a financial calculator: $M \approx \$3,391.53$M≈$3,391.53

- Total payments: $3,391.53 \times 36 = 122,095.08$3,391.53×36=122,095.08
- Principal paid off (approx): $23,724.73 (since rates vary, exact value would need precise amortization schedules)

**Comparison Summary:**

**Detail** | **Fixed Rate (4.89%)** | **Variable Rate (5.42% Avg.)** |
---|

Monthly Payment | $3,158.67 | $3,391.53 |

Total Interest Paid | $75,101.25 | Approximately $98,370.35 |

Ending Balance | $446,389.13 | Approximately $461,275.27 |

This comparison shows that with the fixed rate mortgage, you would have lower monthly payments, lower total interest paid, and a lower remaining balance at the end of 3 years compared to the variable rate mortgage, assuming the average rate reduction.